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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Karenkatz,
Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Chinese Culture  »  Chinese Symbols  »  
Four Treasures of the Study

Han nationality has many unique appliance. It not only shows Han Chinese customs different from other ethnics, but also make a contribution to the progress and development of world culture. The most typical appliances are the writing tool called the "four treasures of the study": writing brushes, ink sticks, paper and ink stones.

Chinese calligraphy tools and material essentially consists of a writing brush, ink stick, paper, and ink stone. People often refer to them as "four treasures of the study", roughly say that they are essential four treasure objects in literary study. Basically because the ancient Chinese literati can write or draw, or both can write and draw, writing brushes, ink sticks, paper and ink stones are inseparable from them.

The name of the study start in the history of Northern and Southern Dynasties (AD 420--589 years), refers specifically the appliances in literary study, including writing brush, ink sticks, paper, and ink stones, and was hailed as "four treasures. "Room appliances except for four treasures, as well as brush pot, brush holder, ink bed, ink cartridges, arm rests, brush wash, paperweights, water container, spoon, water dropper, inks, print cartridges, cutter, stamp, reel, etc., are also essential goods in the study.


















Writing Brush
Brush is a unique writing and painting tools of Ancient Han which is different from Western nations’ feather writing style. Although pencils, pens, pens are popular in the world today, but the brush is not replaced. It is said that brush is created by Meng Tian, so Hebei Province Hengshui County which is known as the hometown of brush will celebrate on the third day of the third lunar month, as the Chinese New Year, everyone make Chinese dumplings, drinking to celebrate and commemorate Meng Tian’s work of creating a brush. Since the Yuan Dynasty, “Hu Brush” produced in Zhejiang Huzhou has "sharp, round, healthy which become the country's most famous brush species.

Ink Sticks
The impression of ink sticks seems somewhat single, but it is essential in the ancient writing. With this unique material, Chinese calligraphy and painting’s fantasy wonderful artistic conception can be achieved. The world of ink is not boring, but rich in content. As a consumable, ink sticks who can be presented intact today is very precious. Ink sticks' production is very particular about the choice of materials and pure processing. Fine ink is extremely delicate and mellow, while the exquisite degree depends largely on the number of times the processing of rods.


















Paper
Paper is a great invention of Han. Although there are millions of paper species in the world, but the "rice paper" still use brush painting unique handmade paper. Rice paper has flexible texture and it also has the characteristics off smooth white, color durable, absorbent and strong, so it gained the reputation of "paper throughout thousand years" in the international arena. Paper is one of the four great inventions of ancient China, once has achieved a remarkable feats in the history of cultural transmission. Even in the machine-made paper prevalent today, some traditional handmade paper still embodies its irreplaceable role, glow with a unique luster.

Ink Stones
Although ink stones rank third in the line of succession of "brush and ink stick, paper and ink stone". But in one respect, it ranks lead position. Among the so-called "four treasures", ink stones are the most important which is due to its solid texture and can be passed on from generation to generation. So, in today's society, ink stones are the most common one of the "four treasures”, widely used and loved in the world.

Four Treasures are unique in Chinese culture. It not only shows the performance of the Han ethnic customs different from the other ethnics, but also contributes to the progress and development of world culture and national culture. Today, China is moving in to a new period of modernization. Understand the past of Han outstanding culture, it is creating a future of Han culture. This has a very important significance on increasing national pride, and enhancing national cohesion.





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