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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Karenkatz,
Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Chinese Culture  »  Chinese Symbols  »  
Four Great Inventions

Four great inventions generally refers to papermaking, the compass, gunpowder, and woodblock printing. This argument was first proposed by the British sinologist Joseph Needham and later inherited by Chinese historians who generally believe that these four invention of political, economic and cultural development of ancient China had a huge role in promoting, and through these inventions spread to Western world, four great inventions also had a great impact on the development of the history of world civilization. There is no doubt that the four great inventions are the important treasure of Chinese culture.

The Compass
Compass is a simple instrument to determine orientation. The main component is the one needle mounted on the shaft free to rotate. Needle influenced by the earth magnetic field can be maintained in the direction of the magnetic meridian. The north point of the needle point to the geographic North Pole South Pole, you can take advantage of this capability to identify the direction. Commonly used in navigation, geodesy, travel and military fields. N refers to the compass north, E refers to the East, and W refers to the West, S Guide square.

China is a country recognized by the invention Compass in the world. Invention of the compass is the result of working people in the Chinese Han long-term practice of understanding of magnetic objects. Because of productive labor, people contact the magnetite, and began to understand the magnetic properties. It was first discovered by a magnet attracts iron nature, and later found a magnet directivity. After many experiments and research, and finally invented a practical compass.


















Papermaking Technology
Papermaking is one of China's four great inventions, an outstanding inventions in the history of human civilization. Papermaking (also called Cai Hou paper) was improved by Cai Lun. In 105 AD, Cai Lun used silk crystal, bark, broken nets, rags, linen as raw materials on the basis of previous manufacturing manufactured writing fiber paper, improved papermaking. The paper became widespread use of writing materials. So it is called "Cai Hou paper."

Gunpowder
Gunpowder is a black or brown explosives, composed by potassium nitrate, charcoal and sulfur mechanical mixing, initially were powdered, after generally made of different granular size which has been available for different purpose. Before the use of non-pyrotechnic, gunpowder has been used as the sole military propellant.

Gunpowder is invented Han Chinese alchemists in Sui and Tang dynasties, dating back more than a thousand years. Gunpowder research began in ancient Taoist alchemy, ancient people refining medicines for the sake of immortality. Its purpose and motivation are ahead, but it's still experimental method has merit, and finally led to the invention of gunpowder.


















Europeans only know about the role of gunpowder in the 13th century, and through the development and improvement of several centuries, mainly granular invention of gunpowder and fire caps, black powder weapons is gradually replacing cold weapons. Gunpowder resulted in a revolutionary impact on land war tactics, siege all aspects of fortification technology and the development of naval battleships and tactics. But as the explosives and propellants, black powder was gradually replaced by these smokeless powder, TNT, picric explosives PETN, RDX.

Woodblock Printing
Woodblock printing is the invention of the ancient Chinese Han working people over a long period of practice and study. Since invention of paper in the Han Dynasty, writing materials are much lighter and more economical than the bones, bamboo slips, stone and fine silk in the past, but still very laborious.

As printed form first appeared in China, the earliest extant woodblock print is printed in AD 868, “Diamond Sutra” (now in the possession of the British Museum), but may woodblock printing in about 2000 years ago has emerged. Woodblock printing in the printing history is a "living fossil." Yangzhou is the birthplace of Chinese woodblock printing and it is also China's the only city preserved a full process of ancient woodblock printing. The country attaches great importance to the protection of intangible cultural heritage.




Add on: Chinese Great Wall
               The Terracotta Warriors and Horses
               Giant Panda 
 
              Chinese Tea
               Silk
               Chinese Knot
               Cloisonné
               Chinese Dragon
               Peking Opera Make-ups
               Four Treasures of the Study





Trista




 

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