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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Karenkatz,
Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Chinese Culture  »  Chinese Symbols  »  Chinese Tea
Chinese Tea

China is the hometown of tea. Tea (茶叶), belonged to Theaceae, is evergreen bush or small tree plants with a height of 1-6 meters. Tea is cultured widely in the southern area of Yangtze River since it prefers humid climate. Tea is made from tea leaves which can be adopted after 3 years’ plant, then soaked in water. The peel picked before or after the Qimgming Festival is reviewed as treasure to be made into tea using traditional Chinese methods. Tea together with cocoa and coffee are known as three non-alcoholic beverages in the world.

Tea culture embodies the Chinese culture, not only including the level of material culture, but also spirit level. Chinese tea culture is extensive and profound, which can be traced back to Tang Dynasty. Since then, the spirit of tea penetrated into the court and society and integrated into poem, painting, medicine, calligraphy and religion.

History
According to the historical documents, the practice of drinking tea began in 2737 B.C. by Chinese Emperor Shennong, who found that the leaf of tea tree have the function of detoxification. From Western Han to Three Kingdoms period, tea had developed into high-class drink in court, which could be found in .


















From Western Jin to Sui Dynasty, drinking tea had become commonly and the record about tea increased day by day. Until to Tang and Song Dynasties, tea became a kind of daily household drink.

Chinese tea spread abroad as early as West Han Dynasty when Emperor Wu of Han send messengers to Indochina peninsula brought gold, silk and tea. During the Northern and Southern Dynasties, Chinese tea together with silk and porcelain were exported to Turkey. In Tang Dynasty, Japanese Zui Cheng Master brought tea seed to Japan. And then, Chinese tea transported to all over the world.


Chinese Well-known Tea
Chinese tea can be classified into five distinctive categories including white tea, green tea, black tea, oolong and post-fermented tea.

West Lake Longjing Tea
West Lake Longjing Tea, the queen of green tea, is native to mountains around West Lake, Hangzhou city, Zhejiang Province. With a history of more than 1,200 years, Longjing tea was listed as tributes in Qing Dynasty and was highly praised by Qianlong Emperor. Its shape is flattened, sharp-point and smooth, in the green color with yellow. After brewing, the fragrance keeps for a long time and the soup is bright and limpid with green. West Lake Longjing is divided into five subregions: Lion (Shi), Dragon (Long), Cloud (Yun), Tiger (Hu), and Mei.


















Rizhao Green Tea
Rizhao Green Tea is produced in Rizhao city, Shandong Province, where is recognized as one of the three coast green tea cities (the other two are Boseong in Korea and Shizuoka in Japan). Rizhao Green Tea is unique for thick leaf, high aroma and resistant to brew. Rizhao green tea covers an area of 120,000 mu with an annual output of 1,500 ton, occupying 50% of Shandong Province.

Wuyi Rock Tea (Yan Cha)
Wuyi rock tea is classified as Oolong tea with a high reputation of “the king of tea”. Rock tea is grown in rock seam, in Mountain Wuyi, Fujian province. Wuyi Rock tea combines delicate fragrance of green tea and sweet of black tea.

Biluochun T ea
As the traditional green tea. Biluochun tea has a history of more than 1,000 years, produced in East Dongting Shan and West Dongting Shan in Tai Lake, Suzhou city, Jiangsu Province. It was classified as tribute in Tang Dynasty. The fried tea leaf is as bent as a conch, after brewing the leaves stretch slowly.

Liu’an Tea
Liu’an tea produced in Liu’an county, Anhui Province, is also a kind of historical celebrated tea. It tastes bitter if it is not baked in right way. This type of tea is especially suitable for people who are suffering from gastric problems.

Tie Kuan Yin
Tie Kuan Yin was invented from 1725-1735 by tea grower in Anxi county, Fujian Province, belonged to semi-fermented tea. Besides the basic healthy function, Tie Kuan Yin still has the effect of anti-aging, anti-cancer, anti-arteriosclerosis, clearing heat and reducing internal heat, preventing and curing diabetes.


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