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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Karenkatz,
Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Chinese Culture  »  Chinese Arts  »  
Chinese Painting

Chinese Painting (中国画) is derived from Han Dynasty, when Han people believed that China was in the middle of the world, so the drawing of China was named “Chinese Painting”. Chinese painting is a traditional form of painting pictured on papers or silks with brush dipping with water, ink, and water color. Chinese painting reflects the ancestors’ recognition about nature, society, politic, religion, philosophy as well as morality, so Chinese painting is said to be an essential component of Chinese culture. The themes of Chinese painting are commonly divided into figures, mountains and river, flowers and birds.

Origin
Pictograph is the basement of Chinese painting. Pottery is the product of Neolithic Age. Potteries unearthed in Banpo, Xian—the important relics of Neolithic Age are drawn chasing fishes or jumping deer. As early as 2,000 years in Warring States Period, there were paintings on silk for example, the notable silk painting Picture of Imperial Dragon in Spring and Autumn and Warring State Period. Paintings in Eastern and Western Han and Wei-chin period were centered on religion and historical characters.

Painting in Sui and Tang Dynasties was in a comprehensively prosperous state resulted from the high prosperity of economy and culture at that time. Landscape painting and bird-and-flower painting had matured. Religious painting reached its peak and was inclined to secularization. Figure painting focused on the life of royalty and it transferred to portray the secular life in South and North Song Dynasties.


















Along with the gradual stability of social economy in Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, culture and art became unprecedented prosperity. Many great painters emerged and created many masterpieces going down in history. The painting genres blossomed and each lead the position. Themes on landscapes, flowers and birds were prevailing, while figure painting declined.

Representative categories of Chinese Painting
Figure Painting

Figure painting refers to paintings made figure image as the main characters. According to the record, as early as Shang and Zhou Dynasties, there had been fresco. Gu Kaizhi in Eastern Jin, Yan Liben in Tang Dynasty, Wu Daozi, etc were all skilled in figure painting and made great contribution to figure painting.

Landscape Painting
The components of landscape painting includes mountains, water, stone, tree, house, bridge, tower, wind, rain, snow, sun, and so on. Landscape painting in Wei-Jin, the Northern and Southern Dynasties appeared just as background. In Sui and Tang Dynasties it was independent.

Ink painting
Ink painting originated from Five Dynasties and prevailed in Song and Yuan Dynasties. Ink painting was drawn with pure ink, which has three basic element: simplicity, symbolism as well as naturality. For a long time, ink painting took an important position in Chinese painting history.


















Bird-and-flower painting
Before Wei-chin period, bird and flower were objects of Chinese art and always painted or casted on pottery or bronze. At that time, these animals were connected with mythology, full of mystery.

Representative painters
Gu Kaizhi, (348-409), an outstanding painter in Eastern Jin Dynasty, was good at painting figures, Buddha, animal, landscape, etc. Surviving works: Lo River Map, and Picture of Lady Officials.

Yan Libe (601-673), an distinguished drawer in Tang Dynasty, was born in noble family. His panting subjects were taken from a wide range. Surviving works: the Chariot Step Figure, and Thirteen portraits for emperors.

Wu Daozi, another outstanding painter in Tang Dynasty, was named the “sage of painting” by generations. He was engaged his whole life in the creation of religious fresco. Surviving works: Born of Gautama Buddha and Picture scroll of 87 immortals.


Add On: Chinese Folk Instruments
               Chinese Opera
              
Chinese Shadow Play 
            
 Chinese Kungfu

             Chinese Calligraphy

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