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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Karenkatz,
Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Chinese Culture  »  Chinese Architectures  »  
Memorial Archway

Memorial Archway is evolved from lingxing gate and it was used to sacrifice the heaven and Confucius originally. Memorial Archway came into vogue in Han Dynasty, began to mature in Tang and Song Dynasties and finally reached its peak in Ming and Qing Dynasties. Memorial archway gradually developed from practicability to one kind of monumental architecture. It was widely used to commended merit and advertised glory. It was not only placed in rural places, Confucius Temple, but also in former palaces, temples, tombs, ancestral halls, gardens, and the starting point of the Government Office and the main street, intersection, bridges, etc.

Another argument is that, in terms of structure, the Memorial Archway's original prototype called "balance door" is a single beam by two pillars frame the simplest and most primitive of gates. This "balance-door" was later applied to the "Square door" between each neighborhood of the cities. From the Warring States to the Tang Dynasty, China's urban areas are using Square System, there is a wall between separated "Square" and "Square", the Central Square wall has doors, called Square door.


















Categories of Memorial Archway
Beijing archway in terms of the structure can be divided into five categories.
The first is the wooden memorial arches, such arches have the largest number. The underground part is Cypress stakes. The pillars on the up side of the stake is encased with stones and the outside is bounded with iron hoop. The roof tiles are black cloth tiles.

The second category is the colored glaze memorial archway. Such arches used in temple building group. Its structure is to build 6 to 8 inches brick walls on the basis of stone, equipped pillars inside of the brick walls. The difference is that this kind of memorial archway is built with glazed glas, looking magnificent and majestic.

The third category is the stone archway. Such archway placed in front of gardens, streets, tombs as much. From a structural point of view, the complexity varies a lot. Some of them are very simple with only a 2-column and no bright floor. The complex one has five to eleven floors.

The fourth category is the cement archway. This is a product of modern architectural art, small number of newly-built one, most of which are the relocation and reinforcement project.

The fifth category is the colorful archway, which is a temporary decorations. It is mostly used for large orders, the entrance to the temple city, markets. As a result, the removal period is over. Usually, it was made of fir, bamboo, and wood on which was decorated with five colors bulbs.

The fifth category is copper archway. China's first copper archway is created by Chinese Arts designer Zhu Bingren. It is 6.1 meters high and 7 meters wide, and weighs nearly a ton. The archway is carved lotus patterns.


















Famous Archway in China
Xu Guo Stone Archway
Xu Guo Stone Archway is a national key cultural relics protection units, located in the ancient Huizhou Shexian County. It is the rare Ming Dynasty stone archway, stand the twelfth year of Wanli period of Ming Dynasty (1584). There are eight pillars on the four sides of the archway, appears the shape of Hollow Square. As a result, it is also called Archway with Eight Feet. The archway is 11.54 meters long from north to south, east-west width of 6.77 meters, 11.4 meters high, with an area 78.13 square meters.

Tangyue Honorific Archway
Tangyue archway is located on the ancient Huizhou Shexian Zheng villages Tangyue Village Avenue. There are seven archways and three of them were built in Ming Dynasty, the other four were built in Qing Dynasty. The archway is 9.55 m wide, 3.55 m deep, 8.86 meters high. It was built in Jiajing period of Ming Dynasty and rebuilt in Qianlong of Qing Dynasty.

Ruins of St. Paul
Ruins of St. Paul is Macau's most famous buildings and it is also a symbol of Macau. Ruins of St. Paul is the remains of St. Paul's Church, located on a small hill near Macau bus Street, in downtown Macau. St. Paul's Church, built in 1637, the whole church reflects the combination of the European Renaissance architectural style and oriental architecture, was the largest Eastern Catholic Church. In 1835, St. Paul's Church was destroyed by a fire, now only remaining part of the front wall. Because of its shape is similar to the traditional Chinese arch, so named Ruins of St. Paul.

Ling Ying Archway
Ling Ying Archway is located in Foshan City and it was built in 1451. The archway is from north and south. The archway is symmetrical, 10.79 meters wide, 4.9 meters deep. On each side of the archway stands a 4.9 * 3.8 * 0.9 m of white platform, each with six columns on pedestal.




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