Location: Chamdo(昌都) is one of the seven prefectures (cities) in Tibet Autonomous Region. It is located in the mountain range and the three rivers (Jinsha River, Lancang River and Nujiang River) basin, located in eastern Tibet.
Area: 110,000 square kilometers
Nationalities: Tibet, Han
History: In ancient times, Chamdo was called “kang” or “kemu” so as to distinguish from Wei, Tibet, Ngari and other places. Chamdo has a long history. In 1977 and 1980, Chamdo KaRe site and Chamdo small Edna site were found which show that there were people living in Chamdo areas in 5000 years ago. Local residents have begun planting of millet easy to grow, widely fed adaptable livestock rearing pigs, but also to hunt foxes, mountain sheep, red deer, etc.
From 7th AD to 9th AD, the famous East female country and Supi Kingdom lay in Chamdo areas. In the 13th century, the Yuan Government attributed Tibet's territory to China and set Duo Gan Si comfort Division Marshal House in Chamdo and Sichuan Ganzi.
Gelug Sect of Tibetan Buddhism rose in the Ming Dynasty and its influence gradually deepening Kang district, formed in Chamdo several Hutuketu - Grand Living Buddha reincarnation system. Ming government set the duo Gan Dou Directing Division, appointed tribal chiefs and headmen of the major temples around the Grand Lama management. In Qing Dynasty (1616-1911 years), the central government appointed some big Buddha and chieftain to administer their own lands under the jurisdiction of the Resident Minister and the Dalai Lama's in Chamdo areas.
On October 19, 1950, the Qamdo People's Liberation Committee was established and set three jurisdictions. After the 1955, with the establishment of the Preparatory Committee for the Tibet Autonomous Region Tibet, Chamdo area is zoned regulations under its jurisdiction. Chamdo Prefecture Administrative Office set up early in 1960. Regional administrative office is located in the town of Chamdo.
Climate: Chamdo belongs to plateau sub-temperate sub-humid climate. The climate in summer is mild and humid, dry and cold in winter. It has a small annual temperature difference and a large diurnal temperature difference. The average annual number of hours of sunshine is 2100-2700 and frost-free period is 46-162 days. The annual rainfall is 477.7 mm, concentrated in from May to September. There are common natural disasters, such as frost, snow and hail.
Transportation: Air-Chamdo Bamda Airport provides passenger transportation to Lhasa and Chengdu.
Highway-Chamdo is located in Tibet and Sichuan, Yunnan transport links hub area and it is the east gate of Tibet. Chamdo is an important transportation channel which links Tibet with the Mainland. The 317 State Line Road, 318 State Line Road and Highway 303,302 lines runs across from the east to the west. The 214 State Line Road runs from the north to the south.
Specialties: Butter Sculpture, Chinese caterpillar fungus and Chamdo drunk pear
Local Food: roasted qingke barley flour, air dried meat, buttered tea
Attractions: Qiangbalin Temple(强巴林寺) is located in the town of Chamdo, is created by a disciple of Tsongkhapa Xi Songbu around 1444 AD. Lord Buddha Temple Jampa (Daci) Buddha, so the monastery was named Chamdo Qiangbalin Temple. The main temple building are well-preserved. The halls have hundreds of statues of Buddha and the monks of various types. Thousands of square meters of frescoes and numerous Thangka paintings can also be seen in the temple. It can be said that the temple has brought together the wisdom of Chamdo craftsmen, representing the Chamdo culture along the highest level.