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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Beijing Culture  »  Folk Sports  »  The Game of Go
The Game of Go

The game of go, also named Weiqi (围棋) in Chiense, is one of Chinese four traditional arts, the remaining three containing lyre-laying (琴), calligraphy (书法) and painting (画). It is the symbole of Chinese culture and civilization, implying abundant national culture. It was called “Yi” (奕) in ancient time, prevailing in East Asian countries such as China, Japan, Korea, etc. The game of go originated in China and put down in writing in the Spring and Autumn and Warring States Period. It was introduced in Japan through Korean in Sui and Tang Dynasties.

The chess set include chess piece, chessboard and chess block. Chess piece is in the shape of circular pattern, containing 181 black pieces and 180 white pieces. Chessboard is covered with equidistant square crossing parallel lines, 19 pieces in any directions.

Historical Development
The game of go has a history of more than 4,000 years. In ancient China, it was call “Yi” that is the originator of the game of go. According to the record, the history of the game of go could be traced back to B.C. 2356. In Spring and Autumn and Warring State period, the game of go had wide spread in public.

After Emperor Qin unified the whole country, there was few records about the game of go. Until the middle and late Eastern Han Dynasty, it became current again. A stone chessboard was unearthed in No.1 Eastern Han tomb in Wangdu, Hebei province in 1952, which provides vivid object material about the game of go in Han and Wei Dynasties. At that time, the war of the game of go was reviewed as another tool to cultivate military ability.

In Sui Dynasty, the game of go was brought to Korea and Japan according to the open policy. The period of Tang and Song Dynasty was regarded as the second period of significant change, when it was played to mould a person’s temperament and gain wisdom. It was regarded as an entertainment suitable for people of all ages and both sexes.

In Ming and Qing Dynasties, the chess skill was rapidly improved, so much so that schools came into being such as well-known Yongjia school, Xinan school and Jingshi shool. Frequent folk competition were held among them, so the game of go got a further spread in folk. After the mid-19th century, the chess skill of Japan caught up from behind and left China behind for more than 100 years. After the founding of New China, Marshal Chen Yi, as an amateur of go, devoted himself to the development of the game of go. The new generation of player grow up including Ma Weiping, Chen Zude, Nie Weiping, Ma Xiaochun, etc.

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