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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  Beijing Culture  »  Folk Sports  »  Cu Ju
Cu Ju

Cu Ju (蹴鞠) is a kind of sport, the predecessor of today’s football game. Cu means “to play with the foot”. Ju is a kind of ball in ancient, stuffed rice bran inside and covered with leather outside. On 20th, May, 2006, Cu Ju has been included into the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage.

According to the historical record, as early as the Warring States, the game of Cu Ju had been a prevailing entertainment in folk. In Song Dynasty, Cu Ju organization was set up. In Qing Dynasty, ice Cu Ju became popular. Hence, above all, Cu Ju is a sort of sport with a long history.

Referring to the origin of Cu Ju, it could be traced back to 100,000 years ago. Stone ball was firstly unearthed in Dingcun culture relic, which was 100,000 years from today. Primarily, stone ball was used as hunting tool. In the late primitive society, there were stone ball and ceramic ball used to play.

The word of “Cu Ju” turned up in “Historical Record” (B.C.104-B.C.91) at the earliest. In Warring States, Cu Ju was a common entertainment in Linzi, the capital of Qi State. Cu Ju got a faster development in the period of Three Kingdom (A.D.220-A.D.280). Firstly, Cu Ju was able to be succeeded. Secondly, Cu Ju was viewed as a sort of performance to entertain the public. Thirdly, Cu Ju began to play as competition. Forth, Cu Ju was applied to train troop.

Cu Ju achieved its second peak in Tang Dynasty after its first upsurge in Han Dynasty. Firstly, inflatable ball emerged, instead of the primary solid ball. Secondly, goal appeared. Thirdly, Cu Ju became more widespread, from the emperor to common people. Forth, rule of the game gradually standardize.

Cu Ju was regarded as one of festival games by imperial court in Liao, Jin and Yuan Dynasties. Cu Ju was still widespread in Ming Dynasty. In Qing Dynasty, Manchu combined ice and Cu Ju,. Every winter, ice Cu Ju was held in Beihai in the early Qing Dynasty. In mid of Qing Dynasty, traditional Cu Ju was replaced by western football. 

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