56 Ethnic Groups
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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Karenkatz,
Westborough, Massachusetts
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Yao Nationality

Description: Yao (瑶族) is an ancient nationality of China, mainly inhabiting in mountain area. Yao nationality has a population of 2,853,000 according to the census in 2010, 59.9% of which gathers in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Prefecture, 24.7% in Hunan province, 7.1% in Guangdong province, 6.6% in Yunnan province and 1.4% in Guizhou province. Jianghu Yao Autonomous County in Hunan province has the largest population, called the capital of Yao.

Language: Ya has numerous branches, so the language is widely different including Mian language, Bunu language, Lajia language, etc..
 

Religion: Taoism has a great impact on Yao minority ethnic. Some region believes in natural worship, ancestor worship and totem worship.

















Clothing Character: Yao women are skilled in embroidery. They embroider elegant patterns on lappet, cuff and trousers leg. The clothes of both men and women are made of blue handwoven cloth. Men wear collarless short shirt and long or short trousers. Women are dressed in collarless coat, long trousers and short or pleated skirt. Their headwear is various. They like to match colorful ribbon with silver hairpin, silver flower, silver beads and arc silver plate.

Food Culture: Yao people take corn, rice and sweet potato as their staple food. Those who live in mountain area are used to taking cold food. In order to carry and store easily, they often make all sorts of papa. Vegetables are often preserved, so is the meat. Yao people like to drink wine, two or three times one day. They make wine with rice, corn and sweet potato.

Festivals: Tao Nian Bai (讨念拜) is the most traditional and solemn festivals for Yao nationality, which has a history of more than 1,000 years. It is held from the 15th to 17th in lunar March. During the three days, the whole Yao village is as bustling as the lighted firecrackers. People are all dressed up and play folk performance of large-scale.


















Culture and Art: Its long and profound history result in the special culture and art. As early as the ancient age, Yao had the legend on the ethnic origin. Nursery rhyme takes an important role. It features with long history and sufficient content. The lyric of Pan Wang Song is as long as 3,000 lines, which is viewed as the cultural treasure by Yao people.

Yao music and dance, just as the same as its nursery rhyme, originate from the religion and physical labour. The long drum dance and bronze drum dance have been presented to the stage and gain widespread popularity.

As far back as Tang and Song Dynasties, Yao ethnic minority recorded the nation’s history in Han character. Up to now, numerous historical books are kept in Yao folk.


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