56 Ethnic Groups
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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Karenkatz,
Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  56 Ethnic Groups  »  Northwest Region  »  
Kirgiz Nationality

Description: Kirgiz nationality (柯尔克孜族) has a long history, which could be traced back to Han Dynasty. The word “Kirgiz” was formulated in 1935, referring to “nomads in the mountain”. According to the census in 2005, Kirgiz nationality had a population of 175,000, most of which settle in Kizilsu Kirghiz Autonomous Prefecture in Xinjiang province.

Language: Kirghiz language

Religion: Primarily, Kirgiz worshiped the totem, such as notable snow leopard and deer. They also believed in ancestor and god, praying toward the south to worship the sun. In the Qing Dynasty, they turned to believe in Islam, praying in Church.


















Clothing Character: Women prefer the red. They usually wear short shipment and one-piece dress. Cloth dress is made up simply, but the clothes of high-grade is particular. Wristband is nailed silver button. The skirt is a straight cylinder, the lower end inlayed with fur. Women often wear round red hat made of pleuche, wrapped by a scarf. Most of men’s clothing are embroidery. They usually wear ak kalpak made of woolfell and felt.

Food Culture: Kirgiz people do not eat pork and dead animal. Horse-meat is their favorite in the winter. They mainly live on meat production and silk production such as milk, eve’s milk, beef, mutton horse-meat and camel meat. Their daily diet includes naan (a kind of crusty pancake), fried dumpling, fried flavor production, noodles served with soy sauce, the hand polaf, etc..

Festivals: Nuwuruozi festival (努吾若孜节) is the traditional festival of Kirgiz, especially prevailing in ancient Uyghur, Uzbek, Kazakhstan and Khalkhas nationalities. It is held on the Spring Equinox, referring to ring out the Old Year and ring in the new year.
Just as other Moslem, Aid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha are also their festivals.


















Taboos: It is prohibited coughing, blowing nose and giving a yawn during a face to face talking. The ass of daughter-in-law is avoided against the elderly. Lie, gamble and cheat are banned. Salt and food are viewed sacred, so it is forbidden stepping on. They avoid black because they consider that black bring disaster, evil and depress. It is not allowed to complain to moon and star.

Arts: Bishkek-Manas (玛纳斯), the most notable epic, is viewed as one of the three epics in China and one of ten epics in the world. It describes Manas and his generations resist the invasion of other nationalities, protect their country and the peaceful life of Kirgiz. The 220,000-line epic has been listed in the first national nonmaterial cultural heritage.



Add On:Hui Nationality
               Uygur Nationality
               Kazakh Nationality
               Dongxiang Nationality
              Tu Nationality
              Xibe Nationality

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