56 Ethnic Groups
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We had an absolutely perfect day with our tour guide - Rogin Luo - who took us for a hike along The Great Wall! Didn't know what to expect and were thrilled to have him as our guide. Very imformative, knowledgable and fun! We go to experience a part of The Great Wall that was unrestored and see all its natural beauty. Got a long history lesson along the way!

After the hike, we all went to lunch at a small place at the bottom of the hill. Located in a house, we ate lunch in the proprietors bedroom! What a hoot! Rogin is the Best of the Best! This tour company delivered for us and we are extremely grateful.

Karenkatz,
Westborough, Massachusetts
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Home  »  China Travel Guide  »  56 Ethnic Groups  »  Northeast Region  »  
Ewenki Nationality

Description: Ewenki nationality (鄂温克族), a nationality of Northeast Asia, mainly distributes in Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang province in China. It takes up an population of 30,000. The word of “Ewenki” means “people live in the mountain”. In history, Ewenki had close relationship with mountains and forests.

Language: Ewenki language belongs to north branch of Tungus language under the Altaic family. They don’t have their own characters. Nomad of Ewenki nationality uses Mongol script, while peasant uses Chinese character.

Religion: In the past, Ewenki believed in Shamanism mostly, nomad had faith in Lamaism at the same time.


















Clothing Character: They make winter clothing such as gown, trousers, boot, hat, gloves and socks with roe deer skin, buckskin and sheepskin. The women’s clothing is made of cloth with selvage. Gown is always attached with waistcoat of long and short.

Food Culture: Meat is the principal food for Ewenki living the primitive forest. In the past, each family raised over 20 sheep and two cattle. Winter is the reason for Ewenki to kill livestocks. The usually make “meat hand”, irrigation blood sausage, meat porridge and kebab. From 1950s, there were noodle, baked pancake, steamed bun on their dinning-table. Milk tea is their main drink.


















Festivals: Mi Kuolu Festival (米阔鲁节)---Mi Kuolu is the traditional festival of Ewenki, held on 22nd, May. According to the convention, they hold horse race and cut wool on the ear of sheep that is born in the very year. Aged present future generation with ewe lamb, implying the mean of happy life.
Ao Mi Na Leng festival (奥米那楞会) is the grand activity and entertainment of Ewenki, held in August.
Ovoo (敖包) is also the grander religion activity of pastoral area.

Art: Just like other nationality, Ewenki is good at singing. They often compose various lyric under the same tune according to different occasions to display their mood. Ewenki nationality view swan as their totem, so “swan dance” is their folk dance.


Add On: Manchu
                Korean Nationality 
                
Mongolian Nationality

               Daur Nationality

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