China has about 400 million hectares of natural grasslands, the second-largest in the world in terms of area, making up about a third of China’s total land area, the second-largest in the world in terms of area, extending from northeast China to Southwest China: Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Gannan, Sichuan, Qinghai and Tibet.
But climate change, overgrazing and rural development have inflicted damage to 90 percent of these grasslands. In May, 2011, the Chinese government announced to sponsored a subsidy and reward program for the country’s herdsmen over the coming years in order to reverse and prevent the damage that has been caused to China’s grasslands.
Now I have listed the top 10 most beautiful grasslands below with the sincere hope that all of them will grow healthy with us for a better world.
1.Narat Grasslands Yili Xinjiang 那拉提草原伊犁草
Narat Grassland is part of Yili Grassland (or Ili Grassland ) in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture Xinjiang China. Narat Grassland is about 180km long from east to west along the river bed sandwiched by the mountains of Tianshan in three sides. The famous Ili River zigzags through Ili Valley. Ili River is formed by its principal three tributaries - Kashi, Kunes, and Tekes. Kunes River is the upper reaches of Ili River, passing through the river bed of Narat Grassland.
Narat Grassland is a typical river bed grassland and the alpine meadows. Narat Grassland is located at the sea-level of 1800 meters. It is inhabitated by Kazakh minority (but ironically, here in Narat Grassland, we, Han people are the minority.
Narat Grasslands Yili Xinjiang
2.Bayinbuluke Grasslands Xinjiang 巴音布鲁克草原
Bayinbuluke Grassland is located in the middle of Tianshan Mountains, all year round surrounded by snow caped mountains on its four sides, in central Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region on the sea level of 2500 meters with an area of 22,000 square km, the second largest grassland, just after Ordos Grassland.
Bayinbuluke literally means “rich with springs” in Monglian language. Bayinbuluke Grassland is typical of Grass meadow steppe, one of the most important herding and grazing area. The abundant rainfall,coupled by snow melting water, form zigzaging streams and lakes, making it one of the fast grass meadow growing place in Xinjiang. It is actually a huge swamp made up of many small connectedlakes, also a place for Nature Reserve for the swan in China.
3. Gannan Grassland 甘南草原
The Gannan Grassland is located within Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, southwestern Gansu Province. The grassland covers an area of over 2.5o million ha, primarily within Gansu’s Maqu, Xiehe and Luqu counties. Luqu is a town on the fringe of Tibetan-Qinghai Plaetau with green alpine meadows in the west and the Tao River in the east. Two third of Luqu county is suitable for grazing livestock, like sheep and yak. Along the Tao River.
Gahai Lake, Gannan Grassland
4. Ruoergai Grassland in Sichuan 若尔盖大草原
Ruoergai Grassland is located in the north of Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province, and borders Maqu, Luqu of Gansu Province. It is on the east edge of Tibet-Qinghai Plateau with an altitude between 3000 and 3600 meters.
Ruoergai Grassland is said to be the fourth largest grasslands in Chinao. Ruoergai Grassland belongs to the kind of alpine meadow, also one of the China’s three largest wetlands, covering 10436.58 square kilometers. The best time to view the wildflowers of Ruoergai Grassland is between July and early September. Ruoergai Grassland is neither the greenest nor a fertile grassland, but what catches my eyes and makes my excited is its numerous wild flowers.
Ruoergai Grassland in Sichuan
5. Hulun Buir Grassland 呼伦贝尔草原
The Hulun Buir Grassland is situated within the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region with a total area of over 93,000 square kilometres. It is named the Hulun Lake and the Buir Lake. It is reputed as the most beautiful grassland in Inner Mongolia as well as one of three most beautiful grasslands in the world. Enclosed with over 3,000 rivers, 500 lakes, the Hulun Buir Grassland reasembles a huge natural green carpet. In summer, the Hulun Buir Grassland presents a peaceful and harmonious idyllic scene.
Hulun Buir Grassland
6. Xilin Gol Grassland 锡林郭勒草原
The Xilin Gol Grassland is situated within Xilin Gol in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The Xilin Gol National Nature Reserve was set in 1985 and took prt in the International Man and Biosphere Reserve Network in 1987 to protect its environment and plateau grassland ecosystem.
There are great number of rare wild animals here, including swans, the red-crowned crane and bustards. The grassland is home to the biggest nature reserve ecosystem of its type in china.
Xiling Gol Grassland
The Ordos Grassland is located 12 kilometers west of Hanggin Banner in Ordos, 430km west of Hohhot. The grassland, with and area of 600 square kilometers, consists of over 100 Mongolia yurts. The whole grassland is divided into song and dance area, entertainment area, accommodation area, fete area, Mongolian folk area and so on.
You also have the chance to take part in the traditional activities of Mongolia such as wrestling, horse riding, toxophily etc. The green grass wafts under the blue sky, and white sheep hides among the grass, appearing while wind blowing. The Ordos Grassland is like hovering lannerets always with warm greeting to the friends from all corners of the world.
8. Qilian Mountain Grassland 祁连山草原
As its name suggests, Qilian Mountain Grassland located at the foot of Qilian Mountain. The Qilian Mountain sits at the junction of Gansu and Qinghai provinces with a sea-level of between 4,000 – 5,000.
Differen from most other mountains where lives are missing above the snow line, Qilian Mountain is home to snow lotus, which is a rare medicinal material growing on the snow line. The best time to travel is in in July and August.
Qilian Mountain Grassland
9. Shangri-la Grassland 香格里拉草原
Situated at the area where Tibet, Sichuan and Yunnan all meet, Shangri-La County is governed by Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province. The Shangri-la Grassland is less populated and not very developed, thus the natural environment is comparqtively well preserved. The grassland is a habitat for many kinds of rare wild animals including yaks, Tibetan antelopes.
10. Naqu Grassland in Tibet 西藏羌塘草原
The Naqu Grassland in Tibet is surrounded by mountains, covering a total area of about 40 million square kilometres and an average sea level of about 4,500 meters. The eastern part of the grassland is the only cultivable land in Northern Tibet. August is the best season to vsit Naqu Grassland since there will be a plenty of festive activities to beld on the grasslands.The Naqu Grassland is sparsely populated and not so developed, thus the natural environment is comparqtively well preserved. The grassland is a habitat for numerous rare wild animals including yaks, Tibetan antelopes and wild donkeys.
Naqu Grassland in Tibet